Gambia

What you should know about Gambia.

landfoto van gambia

The Gambia is the smallest country in Africa. From East to West Gambia measures 320 km. and fromĀ  Along the coast are many sandy beaches. Right across the country runs the navigable river Gambia. The delta of the Gambia river is a swampy mangrove vegetation.

Gambia has a subtropical climate with dry and wet seasons. The temperature in the dry season can reach 40 degrees. The dry season is from October to June. March to May are the sunniest months, averaging 10 hours of sun per day. The Northeast wind blows from the Sahara in that month. July, August and September are the wettest months.

Gambia, in 1980, had about 50.000hectares of forest. 10 Years later only 10.000 ha was left. Some reforestation projects were started. There are several palm species in Gambia and the most common is the coconut palm. The colatree provides the raw material for the soft drink coke. In the more humid areas are bamboo forests and mangrove forest are found along and in the river. The most characteristic tree of Africa, the baobab tree, is about 20 meters high and can be 1000 years old. The tree plays a role in many myths and legends.

Gambia is a birdwatchers paradise. There are more than 450 different species counted. Large birds include the marabou, vultures, spoonbills, cranes, eagles and owls. Several small species of animals, such as monkeys are found everywhere. Both, on land and in water, are snakes, some highly poisonous. Because the water of the Gambia river up country is salt or brackish, there are even dolphins to be seen. The coastal waters of Gambia also includes sea rays, sea snakes, crabs, sharks, squid and tuna.

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